The Ambiguity marks the three books: “Gustave Flaubert, the Ambiguity of Imagination”, “Mario de Sa-Carneiro, the Ambiguity of Suicide”, and “Virgina Woolf, the Ambiguity of Feeling”.

The Ambiguity is nothing other than looking at the eccentric life of Gustave Flaubert, Mario de Sa Carneiro, and Virginia Woolf from a particular point of view. What is this ambiguity?

The ambiguities define mainly intriguing stories that become central, hypothesizing a probable impossible reality. The ambiguities become so central, conjecturing a probable possible reality. The propositions of ambiguity can not determine reality as such. Intimate stories that even when they are close together seem to be far away, with thousands of memories emerging and becoming a vision that confuses past and present so that ambiguity becomes the protagonist. So, for Gustave Flaubert, for Mario de Sa Carneiro, and for Virginia Woolf.

Here is Gustave Flaubert with his impossible reality or with his possible unreality. What would happen if a character, even if only roughly sketched in the mind  of a writer as Flaubert decided to take on a life independent of his creator in order to take revenge against all the other characters that this author had created in his other books?

Here is Mario de Sa Carneiro with his improbable and spectacular suicide. Exploring byways of the imagination and ambiguity with the investigators David Mondine and Dr Abilio Fernandes Quaresma, solver of enigmas, the three men decide to uncover the conclusive certainties which led Mario de Sa Carneiro to poison himself.

Here is Virginia Woolf with a romantic and improbable escape. Virginia and Vita Sackville-West set off for France to attest to their feelings. For Virginia, feelings are a sort of surrogate ambiguity, because reality— meant to be the setting for a love song— is to her fertile mother of thousands of worries, clashing affections, and artificial sensibilities. Nothing is as real as her imagined feelings.


Getting to know the author

Giuseppe Cafiero lives in the Tuscan countryside, in Lucignano, in the province of Arezzo, Italy.

Born in Naples, he spent his childhood in several Italian cities. In Bologna he began to attend intellectual circles at Roberto Roversi ‘s renowned bookstore, “Palma Verde”. It was in one of the magazines published by this cultural center, that the first part of “James Joyce— Rome and other stories” was first published.

He later worked for various radio producers, especially Radio Capodistria and the Italian Swiss Radio so he moved to Tuscany. Finally, he was able to devote himself to reading and to pursue his literary work. His main literary influence was Calvin, author of extraordinary literary intellectual subtlety and intelligence. Giuseppe Cafiero continuously reads Borges, another great sublime, inimitable author who also worshiped Joyce.

Giuseppe Cafiero has written renditions, free adaptations, reductions for the radio, translations from French. The spectrum of names is extensive, from Shakespeare to O’Neill, from Raspe to Daudet, from Toller to Brecht. He has written for thaetre and radio, collaborating also with the RAI, Radio Sveringes and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

But his strongest point is the “bio-fiction” as his book about Joyce in Rome, another published in 2008 about Vincent Van Gogh, and one about Monsieur Gustave Flaubert in 2010. The three characters were revolutionary in their own field. Van Gogh, with his extraordinarily beautiful explosion of colors. Joyce, who broke with the literary realism of the 1800’s.

Due to his experience writing for radio, his books have a great handling of the language of his characters. This is the case of the program Giuseppe Cafiero wrote called ‘James Joyce in una notte in Valpurga’, in 1990, after which he ended the narrative fiction of Joyce’s stay in Rome in 1906 and 1907.

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